Saigon Notre Dame Cathedral, Ho Chi Minh City


Notre Dame Cathedral Vietnam is honored as one of the world"s 19 most majestic cathedrals, the only representative from Southeast Asia. This long-lasting masterpiece, seen as the architectural symbol of Ho bỏ ra Minh City, hosts a flock of new tourists every day who seek ancient grandeur, holiness, & enchanting photography spots.

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3. Architecture of Notre Dame Cathedral in Vietnam4. Guide to visit Notre Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon

2. Notre-Dame Cathedral of Saigon history

Back in the late 19th century, when the French conquered Vietnam, the French government ordered the construction of a large church that served as a place of worship & community services for French colonists. In 1863, the church’s construction was first started on the bank of the Charner canal (Kinh Lon). Two years later, the wooden building was completed and named “Saigon Church”; however, it was quickly damaged by termites.


In 1877, the church was reconstructed with materials shipped from France under the supervision of esteemed architect Admiral Bourard. The cathedral took three years khổng lồ complete và cost 2,500,000 French francs, financed by the French Cochinchine government; thus, people called it the State Cathedral.

A Notre Dame Cathedral interesting fact: In front of the church, there was a bronze statue of Bishop Pigneau de Behaine with Prince Canh, the eldest son of Emperor Gia Long, erected on a red marble pedestal. In 1945, the statue was removed while its pedestal remained. In 1959, Bishop Joseph Pham Van Thien imported a statue of Our Lady of Peace made with đá hoa cương in Rome & settled it on the empty pedestal. The cathedral was declared Notre Dame Cathedral after the statue ceremony in the same year.

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Throughout centuries of construction & renovation, không nên Gon Notre Dame Basilica witnessed the city"s turbulent history và has become a trademark of the urban architecture in South Vietnam. Nowadays, this 159-year-old cathedral still functions as a religious stronghold for roughly 6.2 million Catholics in Saigon & a striking relic for tourists.

Currently, Ho bỏ ra Minh city Archdiocese is launching an extensive renovation project on không nên Gon Notre Dame Basilica, scheduled from 2017 to lớn 2023, which would cost an estimated US$ 6 million.

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3. Architecture of Notre Dame Cathedral in Vietnam

3.1. Building materials

To build a highly resistant structure, the contractor of Saigon Notre-Dame Basilica imported all the building materials from France which was remarkably uncommon at that time. Its roof tiles were supplied from Marseille, while the stained glasses were manufactured by the Lorin firm of Chartres. Notably, the exterior of the cathedral was made of bricks from Toulouse. Even without concrete coasting, these bricks have retained their bright red màu sắc until today and are không tính phí of moss.